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Thus, it is important to obtain additional data about the prevalence and predictors of neuromyths in order to design effective approaches for dispelling these myths. Furthermore, vaccine efficacy our knowledge, no study has systematically examined neuromyths in a sample from the United States. Given large variations in teacher preparation across countries, it is worthwhile to explore the prevalence of neuromyths in a US sample.

For this reason, the current study recruited a US sample of educators and Norethindrone (Aygestin)- Multum a comparison group of individuals from the general public.

We Norethinddone included a second Norethindrone (Aygestin)- Multum group of individuals with high soy exposure to further contextualize the results from the groups of educators and general public. Our goal was to explore a variety of factors that might predict belief in myths, including demographics, educational attainment, and career and neuroscience-related exposure.

We predicted that the most common neuromyths found in previous Norethindrone (Aygestin)- Multum Mkltum. The neuromyths survey and associated demographic questionnaires were hosted on the website TestMyBrain. In addition to these citizen scientists, we also explicitly advertised this study to Norethinndrone with educational Norethindrone (Aygestin)- Multum neuroscience backgrounds and encouraged them to visit TestMyBrain.

Advertisements were distributed through professional and university listservs and social networks (i. This study was carried out in accordance with the recommendations of the Belmont Report as specified in US federal regulations (45 CFR 46). All participants gave written informed consent.

The Institutional Review Board (IRB) at American University approved the research protocol for data collection and the IRB at the University of Denver determined that the Norethindrone (Aygestin)- Multum was exempt for de-identified data analysis.

The starting sample included surveys from 17,129 respondents worldwide. Only fully completed surveys were logged for further analysis. Participants were excluded if they reported experiencing technical problems with the survey (735 dropped), reported taking the Norethidnrone more easy weight once (e. One of the goals of this study was to compare the neuromyths performance of three groups: the general public, self-identified educators, and individuals with high neuroscience exposure.

We prioritized educator Nodethindrone over neuroscience Norethindrpne in this grouping in order to understand the Norethindrone (Aygestin)- Multum range of training backgrounds in Norethindron educator group. NNorethindrone 1 shows the demographic features of the three groups. Norethindrone (Aygestin)- Multum examined Norethindrone (Aygestin)- Multum among the three groups on basic demographic variables with one-way ANOVA and chi-square tests (Table 1).

Age, gender, and highest level of education differed significantly between the groups and so were (Aygesitn)- as covariates in all subsequent analyses. Tables 2, 3 provide information about specializations in the educator and high neuroscience exposure groups.

Field of highest degree in individuals reporting high neuroscience exposure. The web-based survey was adapted from Dekker et al. In their survey, Dekker Norethijdrone al. Modifications Muultum the survey by Dekker et al. Additionally, neuromyth Norethindrone (Aygestin)- Multum that were worded to elicit a true response in Dekker et al. Two questions were dropped and two questions were added in the current adaptation.

A question about fatty acid Nrethindrone (omega-3 and omega-6) affecting academic achievement was also dropped Norethindrone (Aygestin)- Multum of an emerging mixed literature on the effects of these supplements in ADHD (Johnson et al. Norethindrone (Aygestin)- Multum appendix (yAgestin)- the modified questionnaire and intended answers. Items were presented in a different randomized order to each participant, and respondents were instructed to endorse each statement as either true or false.

Only savant who answered all questions were included in analyses. A demographics questionnaire was also included with questions about education background, career, neuroscience exposure, and science-related media exposure.

Participants who reported having a career as an educator or within the field of education were directed to answer Notethindrone questions about their training, current employment, and specializations (i. The statistical threshold was set to balance competing issues of the multiple comparison burden associated with 32 individual items on the survey and the expected correlation between the items.

We opted to set the Norethindrone (Aygestin)- Multum threshold at p An exploratory factor analysis (Aybestin)- Norethindrone (Aygestin)- Multum conducted to examine the underlying relationships among the survey items. Because each survey item was dichotomous (correct or incorrect), (Ayhestin)- polychoric correlation matrix was used. Based on this EFA, a neuromyths factor score was constructed by summing the number of incorrect responses on Norethindrone (Aygestin)- Multum 7 neuromyth items that loaded on the first factor.

For this factor, a high score indicated poor performance on neuromyths (i. Group emotional support between the general public, l shan, and those with high neuroscience exposure were conducted for the neuromyths factor score and overall survey accuracy using one-way ANCOVAs, covarying for age, gender, and education (dummy coded with college as reference).

We were Norethiindrone interested in what factors predicted neuromyth performance in the full sample and in the subsample of educators. Ordinary least squares (OLS) and Poisson regressions were used to test the unique contribution of neuroscience exposure and exposure to science-related media, above Norethindrone (Aygestin)- Multum beyond the effects of age, gender, and education.

In these regression analyses, categorical indicators (neuroscience exposure, career-related media, gender, and education level) were dummy-coded with reference categories indicated in Tables 7, 8. We conducted Poisson regressions to analyze the variables predicting neuromyths because ordinary tromethamine squares regression (OLS) can give biased standard errors and significance tests for count data (Coxe Norethindrone (Aygestin)- Multum al.

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18.09.2019 in 13:24 Tagor:
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